Reid, Thomas

Reid, Thomas
   The progenitor of Scottish 'Common-Sense philosophy', a form of realism, Reid launched a blistering attack on the 'Way of Ideas'. This is a notion developed in Descartes and Locke that views mental contents as internal representations of the external world. Reid saw this as placing a 'veil of ideas' between the mind and world that led naturally to Berkeley's idealism and Hume's scepticism. He developed a trenchant critique of the Way of Ideas in Inquiry into the Human Mind (1764). Later, in Essays on the Intellectual Powers of Man (1785), Reid develops a form of realism in which perceptions are the direct means by which we experience the world. Reid attacked Hume's scepticism as unliveable, and advocated instead the rationality of basic trust in our sense faculties. Through this Reid became a champion of common-sense intuitions, granting them legitimate philosophical status. His work had a great impact in nineteenth-century America, particularly among conservative theologians of the Princeton school, and has also been an important philosophical source for externalist epistemology and the Reformed epistemology of Plantinga and Wolterstorff.
   Further reading: Lehrer 1989; Reid 2000 and 2002; Wolterstorff 2001

Christian Philosophy . . 2015.

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  • Reid, Thomas — born April 26, 1710, Kincardineshire, Scot. died Oct. 7, 1796, Glasgow Scottish philosopher. He served as a Presbyterian pastor from 1737 to 1751. His lengthy studies of David Hume convinced him that Hume s skepticism was false, because it was… …   Universalium

  • Reid, Thomas — (1710 1796)    A Scottish philosopher, parish minister, and astronomer, who is renowned for his criticism of David Hume (1711 1776). Reid is sometimes referred to as the first person to describe a case of metamorphopsia. Reportedly, he himself… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • Reid, Thomas — (1710–1796) Scottish philosopher of common sense. Reid was born near Aberdeen and educated at Marischal College. After a period as a Presbyterian minister, he was appointed in 1751 to King s College, Aberdeen. In 1764 he took the chair of moral… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Reid, Thomas — ► (1710 96) Filósofo escocés. Fundó la llamada «escuela escocesa del sentido común». Afirmó la existencia del mundo exterior y del alma, frente a las tesis de Berkeley y Hume. * * * (26 abr. 1710, Kincardineshire, Escocia–7 oct. 1796, Glasgow).… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Reid, Thomas — See Enlightenment ( …   History of philosophy

  • REID, THOMAS —    Scottish philosopher, and chief of the Scottish school, born in Kincardineshire, and bred for the Scotch Church, in which he held office as a clergyman for a time; was roused to philosophical speculation by the appearance in 1730 of David Hume …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Reid, Thomas — (1710 1796)    Philosopher, was the s. of the minister of Strachan, Kincardineshire, where he was b. His mother was one of the gifted family of the Gregorys. At the age of 12 he was sent to Marischal Coll., Aberdeen, where he graduated, and… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Reid — Reid, Thomas …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Thomas Reid — Thomas Reid. Thomas Reid (Strachan, Kincardineshire, Escocia, 26 de abril de 1710 Glasgow, Escocia, 7 de octubre de 1796) fue un filósofo escocés contemporáneo de David Hume y fundador de la Escuela filosófica escocesa del sentido común;… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Thomas Mayne-Reid — Thomas Mayne Reid. Thomas Mayne Reid, conocido como Capitán Mayne Reid (Ballyroney, condado de Down, Irlanda, 4 de abril de 1818 – Londres, 22 de octubre de 1883), fue un escritor angloirlandés. Biografía Dejó Irlanda y …   Wikipedia Español

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